Jonathan McLatchie writes about it at the Christian Apologetics Alliance blog.
Here is his argument:
- Premise 1: Either the Bible is the Word of God or it is not.
- Premise 2: If the Bible is the Word of God, the Qur’an is not.
- Premise 3: If the Bible is not the Word of God, the Qur’an is not.
- Conclusion: Therefore, the Qur’an is not the Word of God.
Premise 3 is the one that needs to be defended. Jonathan argues:
The Qur’an, over and over again, affirms the Christian Scriptures, claiming consistency with them, and asserting that the Torah and the Gospel (the “Injil”), and also the Psalms, are previous revelations from Allah.
He offers some quotations from the Qur’an to substantiate that claim, then he looks at the most common proof texts offered by Muslim apologists to show that the Christian documents do have something to say about Muhammad.
Here is one of the passages quoted by Muslim apologists, along with Jonathan’s response.
Another favorite is the Advocate or Helper promised by Jesus to the disciples in John 14 and 16. In John 14:15-16, we read the following words of Jesus:
If you love me, you will keep my commandments. And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.
It is extremely difficult to read Muhammad into this text, since the promised Helper is said to be with Jesus’ followers forever and in them, something not accomplished by Muhammad. The Muslim interpretation also utterly ignores the overall context of the text. Jesus here is speaking to his disciples. If the promise refers to Muhammad, then it was fulfilled six hundred years later. Thus, everything said by Jesus to the disciples would not be relevant to them.
In John 15:26-27, we read more about this coming Helper:
But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness about me. And you also will bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning.
Was Muhammad sent by Jesus? Does he proceed from the Father? Moreover, the disciples bearing witness is directly linked to the coming of the promised Helper, and thus the fulfillment of this promise must be found in the disciples to whom the promise was made. John 16:7-14 provides yet further difficulties:
Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you. And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
This text makes it even more clear that the Helper is sent by Jesus and comes to these specific disciples to whom Jesus is speaking. Muhammad did not come for a further six centuries. We are also told that the Helper will glorify Jesus. Muhammad certainly did not glorify Jesus.
Jonathan then addresses the idea that the text of the Bible was corrupted or lost, which some Muslim apologists assert. But the problem is that the Qur’an assumes that the texts used by Jews and Christians around 600 A.D. were reliable.
Here’s one quote:
- Surah Al-Maeda 68: “Say, “O people of the Book, you have nothing to stand on, unless you uphold the Torah and the Injil and what has been sent down to you from your Lord.” What has been sent down to you from your Lord will certainly make many of the most persistent in rebellion and disbelief. So, do not grieve over the disbelieving people.”
So the Qur’an assumes that the text of these rival religions was reliable and consistent with the message of Islam.
There’s more in the article, and I found it just fascinating because of the quotations from the Qur’an itself. Definitely a post worth reading, and not something you would find anywhere else.
Filed under: News, Apologetics, Bible, Christian Apologetics, Islam, Koran, Muslim, Quran